Sarajevo Under Siege Tour
5 hours Sarajevo
The siege of Sarajevo began 20 years ago this week (6 April 1992). Lasting nearly four years, it became one of the most dramatic and emblematic events of the violent breakup of the former Yugoslavia and the conflict which left an estimated 200,000 people killed and some 2.7 million refugees and internally displaced – the largest displacement in Europe since the Second World War.
The siege brought enormous suffering and misery to some 400,000 inhabitants of the Bosnian capital at the time. Constantly shelled and sniped, people were cut off from food, medicine, water and electricity. Thousands of civilians were killed and wounded. During the war, people in Bosnia and Herzegovina witnessed every conceivable human rights violation or abuse – ranging from ethnic cleansing and rape to mass executions and starvation.
First stop of our is the Olympic komplex - Olyimpic stadium and Olympic Hall Zetra. Winter Olympic games in '84 were the highest cultural point of Sarajevo as a city. 8 years later Bosnia was in the war, and Sarajevo was under siege. Agressor forces didn't spare olympic komplex.
Historical museum has exibition of the Bosnian war, from beginning and fall of Yugoslavia till Hague tribulal and war crimes. It is horribly ironic but also authentic that a museum such as this, badly damaged during the siege, should now house the permanent exhibtion ‘Surrounded Sarajevo’ which looks at the impact of the nearly four years of war on the city’s citizens.Here, in a non-partisan or judgemental fashion, the story of the siege is told through photographs and artefacts, from hand-made heating, cooking and fighting implements to aid items that came in from abroad.
In the Tunnel museum you will see how we menage to connect Sarajevo with free Bosnian teritory. Main goal was to bring enough suplies into the city and to bring out the wunded ones. But something else came in the city trouh the tunnel- it was hope, hope for a chance to survive the siege.
The Sarajevo's Jewish cemetery, located outside the town on Mount Trebevic, is one of the most famed Sephardic burial grounds in the world. Founded in 1630, when Rabbi Samuel Baruch rented the land, it is the oldest intact burial ground of any religious group in Sarajevo and is known for its age and beauty.. Cemetery gained worldwide fame as the place from which Sarajevo was attacked the most and from which snipers killed innocent citizens as a part of daily routine.
The first vicimes of the siege were killed on this bridge by serbian snipers. This bridge is also called Romeo and Juliet bridge- unfortunatly this story has also to do with the war.
Sarajevo roses are marked spots on the streets. On these spots granades and mortar shells fell and killed innocent civilians. We have marked them with red color as a reminder of 11541 killed civilians during the siege.
This was the main marketplace during the war, crowded with people. Two times serbian forces killed dozen civilians using mortar shells.